ERIC Number: ED282640
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Mothers' and Others' Views on the Qualities of Effective Parents.
Holden, George W.; And Others
Two studies explored mothers' beliefs about the characteristics of effective mothers of preschool-aged children. Study One consisted of interviews of 50 mothers which were designed to generate a pool of characteristics associated with good mothering. Of the 33 characteristics generated, those most frequently mentioned were being loving, patient, and able to provide appropriate discipline. The 33 characteristics, and 40 others found in a review of research, were combined in a questionnaire. In Study Two, 61 mothers, 32 parent educators/counselors who were parents, and 58 non-parent undergraduate students rated the importance of each characteristic on a 7-point Likert-type scale. The 24 qualities which mothers rated as at least "quite important" included "loving,""communicates frequently,""affectionate," and "demonstrates interest in child and child's activities." Mothers and professionals differed on 10 of the ratings. Factor analysis revealed three characteristics of effective mothers: (1) "creation of a nurturant environment"; (2) "child management in a reasoned way"; and (3) "healthy personal and child orientation." Mothers and parenting professionals differed on 14 percent of the items, while parents differed from non-parents on 36 percent. Results suggested that an alternate model of parent characteristics is needed, and that developmental psychologists should investigate parental characteristics which are infrequently studied. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).