ERIC Number: ED282538
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Impact of Television Captioning on Hearing Audiences.
Ruggiero, Richard M.
The purpose of the study was to determine if captions displayed on instructional video programs interfere with learning in hearing audiences. Eighty hearing undergraduate students enrolled in lower division education classes were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Each subject completed a questionnaire to collect self-report data on sex, age, major, knowledge of computers, number of computer classes taken, and attitude toward computers. Subjects then viewed a 30-minute captioned instructional program on computers. Subjects in group 1 viewed the program with both captions and sound, while subjects in group 2 viewed it without the captions displayed. After viewing, subjects were tested on the content of the program and asked to fill out a post questionnaire to assess their attitudes toward captions and the viewing of captioned materials in an instructional setting. Data were analyzed using t-tests and chi-squares on selected preliminary questionnaire data, and multivariate analysis of variance was used to analyze data on computer knowledge, computer attitude, the posttest score, and post questionnaire data. Contrary to the supposition that captions are distracting and would interfere with learning, data on interference indicate that there was no significant difference between the groups in the mean score on the test of knowledge. The survey of attitude revealed that there was also no significant difference between the groups in their attitudes toward captions. (Author/MES)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (Marina del Rey, CA, November 13-14, 1986).