ERIC Number: ED282338
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Student Control as a Planning and Design Factor in Educational Facilities.
Lilley, H. Edward
Appropriate school facility design promotes a balance between student freedom and control. This report evaluates research on architectural approaches affecting student control and offers design recommendations. Since 1960, school discipline and vandalism problems have exploded. Senator Birch Bayh's committee reported that certain crimes are influenced by the physical setting; a logical design provides both small and large groups to work with indirect supervision. Districts have obtained federal grants to reduce vandalism, following Oscar Newman's concept of "defensible space." Three areas of design concern should be addressed: (1) spatial relationship, (2) high visibility, and (3) comfort and information. A good spatial relationship requires a distribution of adult flowspace and workstations throughout student use areas. Since vandalism and discipline problems increase with school size, reversal of the trend toward large schools could ease problems. To ensure high visibility, staff offices should be in visual contact with common use areas. Visual control allows indirect supervision without increasing workload and permits students controlled freedom. Attention to comfort and information may reduce unacceptable student behavior. Such behavior, which often results from stress, signals that needs are not being met. Noise, harsh lighting, and improper color contribute to stress. Acoustic controls, full spectrum lighting, and comfortable color schemes promote relaxation. To reach full potential, a facility should incorporate visual student control into its design. Twenty-five references are appended. (CJH)
Descriptors: Architectural Programing, Discipline, Educational Environment, Educational Facilities Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Facility Requirements, Facility Utilization Research, Interior Design, School Role, School Size, School Supervision, Space Utilization, Spatial Relationship (Facilities), Student Behavior, Student Needs, Student School Relationship, Vandalism
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Edusystems 2000 International Congress on Educational Facilities--Values & Contents (Jerusalem, Israel, November 16-21, 1986).