ERIC Number: ED282140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug-26
Reference Count: 0
Types of Stress and Transitions and Adolescent Self Image.
Tolan, Patrick; And Others
Although research has suggested that level of social stress relates to psychosocial problems in adolescents and that social stressors impact more on females than on males, past studies have not considered whether gender differences in stress are related to perception of stressfulness or higher levels of experience, and if any types of events consistently distinguish gender differences. In this study the Offer Self Image Questionnaire (OSIQ) was administered to 84 16- to 18-year-old males and females to test the relationship of ratings and experience of four types of social stressors (Developmental Transitions, Induced Transitions, Daily Hassles, and Circumscribed Events) to self-image. Differences found in the stressfulness ratings of the four stressors were relatively parallel for both genders, and no significant correlations between ratings and experiences were found. Only the Daily Hassles score correlated with the self-image scales for both genders. Comparisons of subjects with clinical range scores and those with normal range scores on the OSIQ indicated that for both genders, the two groups differed significantly only on the Daily Hassles score. The results suggest that gender differences are less influential than previously reported and that day-to-day stress is most influential in overall adjustment. A 23-item reference list and 3 tables are included. (KS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986). For related document, see CG 019 908.