ERIC Number: ED282131
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Stress and Social Support in Parents of Hyperactive Children.
The role of social support in moderating stress was examined in 65 parents of hyperactive children. The sample included 29 couples and 7 single mothers. The theoretical framework guiding the research was Lazarus' general model of stress. Each parent's psychological functioning was hypothesized to be a function of the severity of the child's behavior problems; parental appraisal of family strain associated with the child; and the amount, quality, and use of available social support. The buffering effects of social support were tested prior to stress appraisal and after experiencing strain. It was hypothesized that social support is more critical in preventing stress appraisal than in alleviating strain after it has been experienced. Results provided limited evidence for the proposed model of stress and for the stress-buffering properties of social support. Significant effects of support were obtained only for mothers and only in the strain alleviation phase of the stress model. Mothers reported family reliance upon social support as a coping strategy much more than did fathers, and for mothers this reported use of support significantly buffered the impact of perceived strain on depression. Satisfaction with social support had a significant main effect on mothers' general well-being. These findings suggest that social support is more beneficial to mothers than to fathers in families experiencing chronic strain. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).