ERIC Number: ED282039
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Welfare-to-Work: Options through Job Training. Employment and Training Issues.
Sklar, Morton H.
Welfare reform is directed toward development of programs that focus on work. Of major consequence to this move toward welfare reform are misconceptions about welfare recipients. While some can work, fewer than 10 percent of all recipients would be subject to any work requirement, and while many remain on welfare for extended periods, one-half of all recipients receive benefits for two or fewer years. The general consensus is that the greatest benefits are achieved by focusing attention on welfare recipients and their children who have been on welfare for extended periods. Costs are significantly greater and longer periods are required to serve long-term recipients, but the greatest cost savings accrue to the welfare system when this group is served. Traditional mandatory Workfare approaches by welfare-to-work programs are giving way to more innovative approaches that seek to serve limited numbers of persons and to minimize mandatory participation requirements. Limitations on numbers served are due to cost considerations and the recent recognition that supportive services (child and health care and transportation) as well as job placement are needed to keep welfare recipients on the job. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of Counties, Washington, DC.