ERIC Number: ED281924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
The Work and Family Responsibilities of Black Women Single Parents. Working Paper No. 148.
Malson, Michelene R.; Woody, Bette
One aspect of the general rise in the number of single parent households is the high proportion of them that are headed by black women. Black families headed by women tend to be larger and are more likely to be impoverished. Contrary to popular belief, many black single mothers considered poor are employed women, not recipients of welfare. An analysis of data concerning 310,874 black women taken from the Current Population Survey of March 1982 revealed these findings, among others: (1) the majority of black women who work and head households are poor; (2) these women have a demonstrated commitment to the labor force in spite of earning very low wages; (3) their poverty status is attributed to their segregation in low status, low paying jobs; (4) their economic viability is highly dependent on the wages they earn and unlikely to be supplemented by public assistance (welfare), health benefits, child support payments, or other earnings; (5) the family responsibilities of black working women who are poor are difficult to meet, given their dependents and the limitations of economic resources. Five statistical tables and a bibliography are included. (KH)
Descriptors: Blacks, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Family Income, Females, Low Income Groups, One Parent Family, Poverty, Racial Bias, Socioeconomic Influences, Welfare Recipients
Wellesley College, Center for Research on Women, Wellesley, MA 02181.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal Defense and Educational Fund, New York, NY.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Wellesley Coll., MA. Center for Research on Women.