ERIC Number: ED281637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Parents as Socializers of Children's Perceived Academic Competence.
Phillips, Deborah A.
Ways in which parents influence children's developing perceptions of their academic competence were examined in a study of 81 academically competent third-graders and their parents. The study was designed to (1) determine whether the illusion of incompetence documented for fifth-graders appears in younger children, (2) examine whether parents' competence-related perceptions--or children's beliefs about these perceptions--significantly distinguish children with varying levels of perceived competence, and (3) develop a predictive model of the association between parent and child competence beliefs. A significant minority of the third-graders were found to severely underestimate their academic competence. Mothers' and fathers' perceptions of their children's abilities varied significantly with the perceived competence status of the child, as did the children's perceptions of their parents' appraisals. Path analyses further revealed that children's perceived academic competence was influenced more by their parents' ability appraisals and the children's perceptions of these appraisals than by their actual achievement records. Results suggest that parents exert a powerful influence as socializers of their children's perceived academic competence. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 24, 1987).