ERIC Number: ED281088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reactions to Males' Emotional Expression in Job and Relationship Situations.
Younkin, Sharon L.; And Others
Most of the recent reseach on sex roles has focused on women. Research concerning the expression of nontraditional behaviors by men has been very limited. A study was conducted to examine sex differences in reactions to nontraditional male disclosure. Specifically, this study attempted to explore subjects' reactions to males who expressed either secure or insecure feelings in a job or relationship setting. Male (N=40) and female (N=79) university students were randomly assigned to a 2 (emotion disclosed: secure, insecure) x 2 (gender) x 2 (relationship, job) between groups factorial design. Subjects viewed a videotape of a male who they were to imagine was a close friend of theirs. The actor discussed either secure or insecure feelings about a job or a relationship. After viewing videotapes, subjects completed a questionnaire and the Semantic Differential. The results suggest that males are evaluated more negatively in expressing insecure feelings compared to secure feelings, by both males and females, even when competence is controlled. Males reported having difficulty expressing insecure feelings to a female about a traditional male area, a job, while females indicated difficulty in expressing insecure feelings about a traditional female area, a relationship. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (67th, Long Beach, CA, April 23-26, 1987).