ERIC Number: ED280961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May
The Success of Vocationalisation Depends on the Political Context.
The vocationalization of education is different in economically less developed coutnries (LDCs) than in the economically more developed ones (MDCs). Although there may appear to be similarities, there are also important differences between them that largely arise from three contexts: (1) their social and economic structures and the resulting differences in demand for skilled labor; (2) the role of the LDCs as "price-takers" rather than "price-makers" on the world market; and (3) the development strategies they use, often without full recognition of their own realities and resource limitations. As a result, the problems arising from the efforts by these countries to vocationalize the curriculum of their schools are in many ways qualitatively different, and this whole educational strategy is usually much more problematic for them than for the MDCs. There are also major differences between the developing countries themselves, which make any kind of overall generalization on this issue even more difficult, but there are enough commonalities among them that would make these observations somewhat applicable to most of the LDCs. With a more appropriate development strategy, changes in the curriculum, including the introduction of vocational subjects, might play a more effective role in increasing the contribution that education can make toward raising the productivity of an LDC. However, political leaders in the LDCs have not followed this course. Therefore, to say that vocational education is or is not a useful educational approach is by itself meaningless, despite the research results that now exist. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: London Univ. (England). Inst. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Vocationalising Education Conference (London, England, May 7-9, 1986).