ERIC Number: ED280792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Women in the American Economy.
Taeuber, Cynthia M.; Valdisera, Victor
Current Population Reports, Series p-23 n146
Trends in the economic status of women in the United States and their implications for society and women themselves are traced in this publication. The report focuses on women in the work force, including occupation and wage gains relative to men; poverty status; economic consequence of changes in trends related to living arrangements, education, fertility and marriage; and differences according to age, race, and ethnicity where applicable. Highlights of the report include: The number of women in the civilian labor force in 1985 averaged 51.1 million, and 31.5 million women held full-time, year-round jobs. Young women are increasingly delaying marriage and childbirth to attend college and establish careers. One out of five families with children is maintained by a woman. Over half of all children under 18 had a working mother in 1985. Twenty million mothers with children under 18 were working in 1985. Over half of all married women with children under the age of 6 were in the labor force in 1985, compared with only 12 percent in 1950. Forty-eight percent of women with babies under 1 year of age were working in 1985, as were over half the mothers with toddlers under age 3. Forty-four percent of the children of full-time working mothers are cared for in another home. College enrollment of women is now nearly as high as that of men, but more women enroll in subjects which generally lead to lower paying jobs. Women with young children have relatively high unemployment rates as compared to rates of women overall. By 1995, 61.4 million women are projected to be in the labor force, which translates to a participation rate of 60 percent. The distribution of both men and women across occupations has changed, but the overall labor market remains segregated by sex. However, women have made significant progress in managerial occupations. One in nine full-time, year-round working women in 1979 was a secretary with median earnings of $10,620. About 9 percent (150,000) of the total resident Armed Forces were women, in 1985. In 1984 13 percent of full-time, year-round working women earned more than $25,000, compared with 46 percent of men. The poverty rate in 1984 for all families maintained by women was 34.5 percent; the comparable rate for Black and Hispanic families was high at 51.7 and 53.4, respectively. Over 50 charts and tables illustrate the findings. An extensive appendix covering references and sources concludes the document. (APG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.