ERIC Number: ED280340
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Necessity of Training before Education: The Fingertip Effect and Learning as Related to Teaching Computer Skills to Faculty.
Dukes, Carlton W.
Teaching college faculty the principles and applications of computers for computer-based instruction (CBI) in workshops or classrooms is discussed, along with implications of establishing an ongoing program based on sequential levels of knowledge acquisition. Five hierarchical categories for the acquisition of knowledge, based on a model by Hubert Dreyfus, are described: (1) the rule-bound neophyte; (2) the functional operators who have rules memorized by respective functional tasks; (3) the competent systems users who have learned the rules and consult them only for unusual situations; (4) proficient systems developers who are capable of modifying the rules to suit their own purposes; and (5) the expert systems creators. The Project Zero/Harvard Model of learning information processing technology (IPT) is also considered. A computer knowledge acquisition program for faculty is proposed that involves: an organized curriculum to teach according to a sequential model of training; an adequate delivery system, and the immediate availability of a microcomputer. A program outline for teaching IPT to faculty is included. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Regional Conference on University Teaching (2nd, Las Cruces, NM, January 8-10, 1986). For complete proceedings, see ED 276 328.