ERIC Number: ED280257
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Oct-27
White Paper: Access to Standard Computers, Software, and Information Systems by Persons with Disabilities. Revised, Version 2.0.
Vanderheiden, Gregg C.
The paper focuses on low cost and no cost methods to allow access and use (via specialized interface and display aids) by the disabled of standard unmodified computers and of microcomputer software systems becoming increasingly common in daily life. First, relevant characteristics of persons with movement, sensory, hearing, or cognitive disabilities are listed and related strategies for solution are described (e.g., use of alternate input approaches for the movement impaired, voice output for the visually impaired). The next section looks at ways existing computers could be made more accessible through such means as keyboard options, an alternate keyboard access feature in operating systems, visual redundancy of auditory information, and availability of an audio or headphone signal. Ways in which these access modifications can increase the usefulness of computers for the disabled (and market size for manufacturers) are pointed out. Possible ways that future computer accessibility for the disabled may evolve are noted and include increased availability of alternate interfaces, separation of programs from the input/output hardware, greater difficulty for the visually impaired as the visual complexity of displays increases, and increased use of voice-to-text translators by the hearing impaired. Attached are a position paper and a proceedings report pertaining to two computer industry/government meetings held February 1984 and October 1985 with the purpose of formally addressing the problem of computer accessibility for the handicapped. (DB)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Computer Software, Computers, Disabilities, Display Systems, Input Output Devices, Microcomputers, Needs Assessment
Trace Research and Development Center, S-151 Waisman Center, 1500 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53705 ($7.30).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Trace Center.
Note: A product of the Trace Research and Development Center on Communication, Control, and Computer Access for Handicapped Individuals. For related documents, see EC 192 412-415.