ERIC Number: ED280033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Peer Tutoring: Steps to Describing a Three-Dimensional Model.
A comprehensive, three-dimensional model of peer tutoring, constructed by gathering current theories and research and locating them on a dynamic continuum of the tutoring process, allows researchers to break new ground in tutor research and might eventually offer a new heuristic for training peer tutors. The first axis in the model, the focus continuum, characterizes how the tutor interacts with the writer and text based on person-centered, process-centered, text-centered, and/or rule-governed approaches. This continuum incorporates the views of those advocating mechanical competence, style, and writing as an individual process. The second axis locates the tutorial process along the attitudinal continuum, a perspective based on: pedagogical style, logic, and/or instinct. Together, these two axes comprise the focus of the tutoring situation. The third axis, the interactional continuum, describes the relationship that occurs during the peer tutoring process and is based on the following conversational modes: authoritarian, conversant (collaborative), and/or receiver (student centered). Overall, this three-dimensional model characterizes 36 basic tutoring types which allow for an infinite amount of variation. By identifying locations along the continua as a point of departure, researchers can use the model to designate roles, differentiate between concepts that address only one or two facets of tutoring, and eventually offer a new heuristic for training peer tutors. (JD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (38th, Atlanta, GA, March 19-21, 1987).