ERIC Number: ED280005
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Computer-Based Instructional Systems for Training Essential Components of Reading. Final Report.
Frederiksen, John R.
A series of studies conducted to examine deficits in reading comprehension skills of low ability, young adult readers and to evaluate computer-based systems that have been designed to improve skills deficiencies in comprehension are described in this report. The studies described in the first section of the report: (1) examined readers' use of semantic entailments (such as the action "murdered" entailing an agent case, "the killer," and a patient case, "the victim") in drawing inferences from text; (2) investigated readers' use of relational terms such as causal and adversative connectives in gaining an understanding of higher order semantic relations among clauses and sentences within a text; and (3) focused on the problem of analyzing referential relations within a text. This section concludes with a discussion of the findings of the studies, which suggest that the subjects, high school students, need to develop efficient techniques for mapping referents. Studies described in the second section address the transfer of skill developed in using context for accessing concepts to the performance of high level comprehension tasks, and the use of component-based training for improving reading skills of low ability readers whose first language is not the language of instruction. The findings reported in this section suggest that bilingual students can benefit from computer-based training focusing on the development of automatic skills for both decoding and encoding orthographic information. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: BBN Labs, Inc., Cambridge, MA.