ERIC Number: ED279988
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr-18
Reference Count: 0
Mental Health Professionals' Beliefs and Practices toward Self-Help Groups.
Gleason, David F.; Shore, E. R.
Psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers (N=132, a 53% response) responded to a mailed questionnaire assessing their beliefs and practices concerning self-help as it is affected by professional source of income, practice arena, and demographic variables. The 20-item questionnaire attempted to tap beliefs about the effectiveness and potential for integration and collaboration between self-help and professional help. The results indicated that service arena (public or private) had only limited impact on beliefs, while source of income (salaried or direct fee) produced significant differences, particularly on beliefs about the effectiveness of self-help and the potential for collaboration and integration. Profession of respondents was also found to significantly alter beliefs. Social workers tended to be somewhat more favorable toward self-help than were psychologists. One hundred respondents indicated that over a 1-year period they had referred someone to a self-help group. There appeared to be strong support for self-help groups which dealt with alcohol or drug problems. These results suggest that mental health professionals are mixed in their support for self-help groups. The findings help to identify respondent concerns as they relate to profession, service arena, and source of professional income. Several charts illustrate the data. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (33rd, New Orleans, LA, April 16-18, 1987).