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ERIC Number: ED279453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Small Schools Are Growing Larger. A Statistical Appraisal. The Rural School Survey. Circular No. 601.
Gaumnitz, Walter H.
Of all the school distrcts in the United States in 1956, slightly more than one-third (33.4%) enrolled (including nonresident pupils) 15 or fewer pupils in their schools. Half of these small districts did not operate schools. The number of school districts rapidly declined from 127,530 in 1932 to 48,036 in 1958, representing a decrease of 62.3% during that 26-year period. The school districts which disappeared were disproportionately the smaller ones, reflecting both local and county reorganization. In 1952, 65.9% of the districts enrolled fewer than 50 pupils each, and 14.8% enrolled more than 300 pupils each. In 1956 these percentages were, respectively, 60.1 and 20.5. Despite the increase in the average size of the school districts, many of them employed comparatively small teaching staffs. In 1958, 52% of all operating school districts each employed 9 or fewer teachers. The number of such districts declined by more than half from 1948-58 due chiefly to the elimination of many one-teacher districts. In 1956 the average instructional staff was 3.7 for rural elementary schools and 8.7 for rural secondary schools. In 1958, the states reported a total of 25,200 one-teacher schools--only 12.9% of the 1918 total. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Institutional Survival, One Teacher Schools, Rural Education, Rural Schools, School Demography, School District Reorganization, School Personnel, School Size, School Statistics, Small Schools, Tables (Data), Teacher Student Ratio, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Note: Tables contain small print. Best copy available.