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ERIC Number: ED279430
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Differences in the Quality of Maternal Verbalizations and Quantity of Involvement during Hawaiian Mother-Child Interactions.
Dick-Barnes, Margaret; Roberts, Richard N.
Extending earlier findings of the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on child outcomes, this study investigated the variables of mothers' language complexity (levels of distancing) and degree of involvement in interactions with their children in order to clarify the relationship of the variables to each other and their relationship to their 4- to 5-year-old children's cognitive and language performance. The variables were examined within free-play and task-oriented sessions involving 40 Hawaiian/part-Hawaiian mother-child dyads from middle and low SES groups. Results of analyses of maternal verbalizations indicated that, comparatively, middle-SES mothers engaged in more complex and cognitively demanding types of language with their children while low-SES mothers engaged in more restrictive and commanding types of language. During the task-oriented session, both groups of mothers increased use of intermediate level distancing strategies and task-management statements while decreasing use of high-level and low-level distancing strategies. Differences were found in the type of verbal learning environments created for their children by middle- and lower-class mothers. Preliminary results of the analysis of the maternal states of involvement data suggested that middle- and low-SES mothers and their children spend comparable amounts of time in mutual play, passive participation, and independent play. Generally, SES differences appeared to be a matter of preferred style, not of deficiency. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii