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ERIC Number: ED279397
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Developing Microcomputer Programs for Early Literacy.
Moxley, Roy A.; Barry, Pamela J.
Through an adaptation of a language experience approach, microcomputer programs were designed to develop the literacy skills of four 4-year-old nursery school children. In order to document the design process, the intervention procedures, and their effects, case studies were made. Instruction was based on a highly interactive strategy with short, frequent cycles of program modification in a variation-selection-retention paradigm. The aim of the intervention study was to progressively select instruction that appeared to be related to the sufficient conditions of children's improved performance. Subjects were seen individually twice per week in 20- to 30-minute sessions at the West Virginia University Nursery School. The experimenters worked with three children each semester: one child in the first semester only, one in the second semester only, and two in both semesters. Programs focused on (1) spelling single words, and (2) composing pictures with letter and word commands, and adding verbal text to the pictures. Results are presented in terms of changes in the children's performance, in the computer programs, and in instructional procedures. Pre- and post-test comparisons indicated that all children improved their literacy skills. Improvements ranged from increased spelling skills to the substantial acquisition of a small writing and reading language system. Discussion of outcomes focuses on reasons for attributing at least partial efficacy to the instructional conditions as a whole and ways the programs could be used in classrooms. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A