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ERIC Number: ED279318
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Some Developments in Distance Education in Australia. Ziff Papiere 61.
Erdos, Renee F.
Distance education began in Australia in the 20th century at all levels of education and has now developed into an integral part of all state systems of government funded education. Since 1909, technical training and a variety of other courses have been sponsored by government education authorities and private enterprise, although it was not until after the mid-century that distance education became significant in higher education. Further development of distance education was stimulated by the war and the need for technical training programs, and now every state department of education has a correspondence school catering to a total of some 10,000 geographically isolated children nationwide. Guided by home supervisors provided with curriculum support materials from the Central Correspondence School, these pupils are taught with the help of audiocassettes and other support services such as library loans, visits to teachers, and access to school counselors. Other provisions for distance education come from decentralized correspondence centers, Schools of the Air, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, and the Department for Technical and Further Education (TAFE). Correspondence schools are now exploring the possibilities offered by new technologies, such as electronic mail, microcomputers, and videotex, to provide more frequent and quicker communication between teachers and students. External study courses in higher education have increased rapidly in the last decade to provide continuing education opportunities for teachers, and to meet the needs of administrators in both the public and private sectors and mid-career and mature age students. (DJR)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Correspondence Study, Developed Nations, Distance Education, Educational Development, Electronic Mail, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, History, Microcomputers, State Departments of Education, Technical Education, Telecommunications, Videotex
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: FernUniversitat, Hagen (West Germany). Zentrales Inst. fur Fernstudienforschung Arbeitsbereich.
Identifiers - Location: Australia