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ERIC Number: ED279279
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The American Freshman: Twenty Year Trends, 1966-1985. Cooperative Institutional Research Program.
Astin, Alexander W.; And Others
Results of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program's annual surveys of college freshmen since 1966 are presented separately for men, women, and all freshmen. In addition to a narrative summary, the normative data are presented under seven headings: academic skills and preparation, demographic trends, high school experiences, educational and career plans, attitudes, values, and financing college. Findings include: the proportion of women in the first-time, full-time student population increased from 43.4 to 51.8% between 1969 and 1985; the representation of minorities in entering freshman classes nearly doubled between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s; the percentage of freshmen who frequently smoked cigarettes declined by nearly half between 1966 and 1985, while the percentage that frequently or occasionally drank beer increased roughly one quarter over the same period; and the percentage of male freshmen aspiring for doctorates or high level professional degrees declined one-fifth between 1970 and 1985, while the percentage of women aspiring to such degrees virtually doubled. The questionnaire and list of participating colleges are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Aspiration, College Freshmen, Feminism, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Majors (Students), National Norms, National Surveys, Occupational Aspiration, Political Attitudes, Questionnaires, Sex Differences, Social Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Trend Analysis, Values
University of California, Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate School of Education, Los Angeles, CA 90024 ($19.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.; American Council on Education, Washington, DC.