ERIC Number: ED279231
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Nature of "Special Facilities": An Exploration.
The nature of successful enterprises ("special facilities") is explored to assist an inquiry into economic development that was conducted by the Business Council of Pennsylvania. An extension of the concept of a "site" is examined as an organized way of looking at the many successful enterprises. The process of selecting sites for businesses in different environments provides a basis for classifying different kinds of special facilities. Rather than operate under a common set of attributes what these enterprises have done is establish an unusually productive position in a particular environment. Seven types of environments are distinguished: entrepreneural, concentrations, industrial surges, community nexus, spin-offs, multiple partnerships, and long-term development. In each instance, the nature of the special environment is described, and examples of special facilities or positions are presented. Where possible, policies that appear to enhance achievement are briefly noted. Eight propositions are drawn from the literature to provide a basis for policy to support economic development. A three-page bibliography concludes the document. (SW)
Descriptors: Cooperative Programs, Economic Development, Entrepreneurship, Geographic Location, Higher Education, Industry, Institutional Environment, Organizational Effectiveness, Organizational Theories, Productivity, Public Policy, Risk, School Business Relationship, Site Selection, Technological Advancement, Technology Transfer
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Prepared for the Business Council of Pennsylvania.