ERIC Number: ED279002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Essay Test Topic Development.
Extensive research efforts in the past decade have measured academic proficiency and progress in both theory and practice of large-scale writing assessment. The following major situational variables were identified in these investigations: (1) topic variables such as writing prompts, subject matter, mode of discourse, length, and rhetorical specification; (2) writer variables--such as topic interpretation, writer anxiety, and writing assessment episode--addressed by anthropological, sociological, linguistic, and psychological research; and (3) common procedural variables likely to affect the outcomes of writing assessments, including writing stimulus, instructions, common environment, time limit or guide, and scoring system. Further research efforts are needed to investigate the refinement of the technical procedures for operating and scoring writing tests, the interaction between writers and various writing assignments, and the relationships between the goals of writing assessment and the measures of writing performance provided by assessments. Most importantly, future investigations should examine ways to build conceptual bridges between the outcomes of assessment and the processes whereby writing is taught and learned. The key to this construction lies in determining how to create the conditions under which good writing is known or is apt to occur. (JD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on Writing Assessment (4th, Cleveland, OH, April, 16-18, 1986).