ERIC Number: ED278972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Reading Strategies and Reading Generalizations. Reading Education Report No. 69.
In its report "Becoming a Nation of Readers," the Commission on Reading defines reading as the process of constructing meaning from written texts, a view of reading that makes the use of strategies seem probable. If a book is a source of partial information, and readers are supposed to use knowledge they already possess to determine the meaning of what they are reading, then good readers must do "something" to put it all together. The Commission believes the past decade's research indicates that reading is a constructive process, it is fluent and strategic, it requires motivation, and it is a continuously developing skill. Some direct instruction activities such as modeling a strategy by thinking aloud, or maintaining a dialogue between teacher and students are now being studied by researchers, with noticeable improvements in students' use of reading strategies for reading, studying, writing, and learning. Teachers should think of such skills and strategies as the "mental process" that good readers use when they encounter problems in reading, and therefore think of teaching as the explanations they can provide about a given skill or strategy, its value, and "the secret" of using it successfully. (NKA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.