ERIC Number: ED278900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Information Processing with Aging: Implications for Teaching Motor Skills.
Anshel, Mark H.
Although there are marked individual differences in the effect of aging on learning and performing motor skills, there is agreement that humans process information less efficiently with advanced age. Significant decrements have been found specifically with motor tasks that are characterized as externally-paced, rapid, complex, and requiring rapid decision-making and multiple responses. The likely causes of poorer performance with age are based on limitations in the ability to: (1) discriminate between relevant and irrelevant input; (2) quickly identify and categorize input into meaningful and familiar information; (3) quickly rehearse a large quantity of information in short-term memory for storage in long-term memory, or pass it on to the decision mechanism; (4) make rapid decisions based on available information; (5) make a series of motor responses autonomously; and (6) interpret and use information about the response in subsequent trials. Despite limitations in cognitive and motor performance that are inherent in aging, the elderly are quite capable of contributing to society and to the maintenance of their own well-being when provided with the appropriate environment in which to function. This paper identifies likely causes of limitations in cognitive processing and suggests guidelines for providing the elderly with quality instruction to facilitate the learning, remembering, and performing of motor skills. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Figures, pages 37-40, may not reproduce clearly.