ERIC Number: ED278817
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Perspectives on Employment. Research Bulletin No. 194.
There has been a long-term rise in the relative share of the total number of workers engaged in producing intangible goods or services. Since 1967, this shift to employment in the service sector has been accommodated by a relative decline in manufacturing. Other trends that have taken place over the last decades and are likely to continue are increases in the number of women in the work force, the number of smaller-sized families, and the economic dependence of the elderly. Productivity increases and technological advances in the manufacture and distribution of goods will continue to reduce labor force requirements. Jobs will, however, increase in the following areas: business services that are purchased by goods- and service-producing enterprises; point-of-consumption work, such as retailing and restaurants; and services geared toward caring for people, providing protection and security, and maintaining the quality of a crowded environment. Private investments by parents and by individuals on their own behalf comprise much of the nation's total human resource development activity. Government policy in the area of human resource development and intervention in labor market operations will also have a powerful effect on the labor market of the future. The growing trend toward the use of contingent employees is another area of concern. While contingent employees provide employers with a great deal of flexibility, the practice can result in greater unemployment, for blue- and white-collar workers alike, in times of recession. (MN)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Conference Board, Inc., New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at an International Seminar on Employment (Paris, France, October 23, 1985).