ERIC Number: ED278526
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jun
Reference Count: 0
An Annotated Bibliography of Abstracts, Doctoral Dissertations and Journals Dealing with the Utilization of the Outdoors to Enrich the Curriculum and to Promote More Effective Learning in the Elementary and Secondary Student.
Henderson, Fred L.
A rationale for outdoor education, 36 annotated references, (dated 1972-1981), glossary, and recommendations are included in this study of the educational relevance of outdoor education. Information is organized around three questions: (1) Does outdoor education promote a more solid grasp of the concepts than a similar environmental curriculum taught in a traditional classroom setting? (2) Does outdoor education provide and promote an increased concept of self-awareness and self-esteem along with the other areas of the affective domain in the individual student? (3) What standard evaluative procedures and methods were used to ascertain the effectiveness of the outdoor educational curriculum? Eleven annotations address the first question, 13 address the second, and 12 address the third. The summary points out trends in findings of the annotated works. The conclusion attempts to answer each of the three organizing questions, noting lack of consensus on the question of outdoor education's impact on the cognitive domain, general agreement that outdoor education promotes affective development, and lack of standard ways to evaluate outdoor curriculum. Five recommendations for further research include expansion of outdoor education programs, inclusion of clear and definable objectives to accompany outdoor curriculum, and more research to study the impact of outdoor education on the cognitive domain. A four-page bibliography concludes the document. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affective Objectives, Cognitive Objectives, Curriculum Enrichment, Curriculum Evaluation, Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education, Experiential Learning, Humanistic Education, Outcomes of Education, Outdoor Education, Reference Materials, Relevance (Education), Research Needs, Self Concept
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Exit Project, Indiana University at South Bend.