ERIC Number: ED278286
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May-22
Reference Count: 0
American Higher Education: A Special Tradition Faces a Special Challenge. Occasional Paper Number 16.
Shapiro, Harold T.
Traditions that have affected the evolution of U.S. higher education, along with a challenge for the future, are considered by the president of the University of Michigan. Attention is directed to ideas that over time have produced the original colonial colleges, followed by the land-grant universities, the great polytechnic schools, the contemporary liberal arts colleges, and particularly, the modern research university. Seven distinctive characteristics of the American system are identified, including: U.S. college are responsible to some external community, public or private; and colleges cover a wide spectrum of society's needs for trained personnel and the underlying knowledge base. It is argued that higher education has special capabilities and responsibilities in a world of rapid change. While the modern university is not an instrument for solving society's problems, it provides the tools, language, and alternative visions to explore new solutions. Passages from the Old Testament of the Bible are cited for ideas and values that have informed the development of the modern university. (SW)
Descriptors: College Role, Educational Benefits, Educational Change, Educational History, Higher Education, Social Change, Values
Academy for Educational Development, 680 5th Avenue, New York, NY 10019.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development, Inc., New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Dinner of the Academy for Educational Development (New York, NY, May 22, 1986).