ERIC Number: ED278258
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Innovative Second Language Education: Bilingual Immersion Programs.
Snow, Marguerite Ann
Bilingual immersion programs combine second language immersion for language majority children and bilingual education for language minority children. The programs are based on the underlying assumption of the immersion model: that a second language is best learned as a medium of instruction, not as the object of instruction. However, they are not sheltered as are most immersion programs, and they serve the needs of both student language groups. This kind of program draws on the natural resources existing when two language groups are mixed in the same instructional setting: the children learn each others' languages. The San Diego Title VII Spanish-English bilingual immersion program is an example that has shown consistently high student achievement for oral language development, reading, and mathematics in both languages by the completion of elementary school. Implementation of a bilingual immersion program is complex, and requires careful consideration of such issues as feasibility, target groups, parent support, teacher pre-service and in-service training, curriculum and materials adaptation, administrator and staff roles, and maintenance of language group balance. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education Programs, Case Studies, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Immersion Programs, Instructional Development, Language Maintenance, Limited English Speaking, Native Speakers, Parent Participation, Program Design, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Language Education and Research.
Identifiers - Location: California (San Diego)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII