ERIC Number: ED278230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Regional Norms for English.
Kachru, Braj B.
The debate continues about regional norms for English usage around the world, although the discussion has become more realistic and less didactic. Educated non-native varieties are increasingly accepted, distinctions are being made between national and international language uses, and localized varieties are no longer considered as necessarily deficient. Several trends are influencing this process. First, the number of non-native English speakers is increasing faster than the number of native speakers. Second, planning for English usage is increasingly in the hands of non-native speakers, who have developed their own norms. Third, the development of non-native English literatures is helping to break norms. The complex functions of English across cultures suggest that discussion of international English presents only part of the picture. More serious cross-cultural research on English usage and regional norms is necessary for a real understanding of the issues and solutions. Sixty-eight references are included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Dialect Studies, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language Attitudes, Language Patterns, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Language Variation, Nonstandard Dialects, North American English, Official Languages, Regional Characteristics, Regional Dialects, Second Language Instruction, Standard Spoken Usage
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Savignon, Sandra J., Ed. and Berns, Margie S., Ed. Communicative Language Teaching: Where Are We Going? Urbana, Language Learning Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1983; see FL 016 358.