ERIC Number: ED278119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Feb
Organization Development in Schools: Contemporary Conceptual Practices.
Schmuck, Richard A.
When school psychologists adopt an organization development perspective they are acting on a cluster of related concepts: (1) that because schools are social organizations, school effectiveness depends on the school's organizational culture; (2) that attempts to institute educational reforms only work when the reforms and the school culture mesh; (3) that students' emotional and social problems in school may be based in the school's organizational culture; and (4) that it is possible to change the culture and thus improve the climate for learning and organizational success. The process of organization development is a planned, sustained effort that involves school participants in the active assessment, diagnosis, and transformation of their own organization. This paper, developed as a chapter for a handbook on school psychology, helps school psychologists understand the value of the concepts and techniques of organization development. The paper describes the basic concepts of organization development, delineates its theory, summarizes the generic stages of its consultation processes, discusses its current technology, analyzes the school psychologist's role in implementing it, and reviews the research on organization development in schools. The paper ends with an overview of contemporary concepts and practices. (PGD)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate, Organizational Development, Organizational Effectiveness, School Effectiveness, School Psychologists, Staff Role, Systems Approach, Systems Development
DEPM Conferences, College of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 ($3.50 prepaid or P.O.).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Support Staff; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center on Organizational Development in Schools.