ERIC Number: ED278037
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Introduction to Small Group Discussion.
Millar, Dan Pyle
To bring educational research into focus with tested classroom practice, this booklet provides an introduction to small group discussion. The theory and research section discusses the importance of small group discussion, characteristics of small group discussions, group attraction based on Maslow's hierarchy of basic human needs, group decision making, the development of effective groups, and group strengths. Suggesting activities intended to enhance the understanding of these theoretic concepts, the practice section discusses (1) introducing group discussion in the classroom using sociogram and group membership data; (2) defining small group discussions; (3) assessing group attraction via a questionnaire and a group benefit/cost comparison; (4) the process of group decision making using various small group "opinionnaires," two case study problems, and a discussion sequence guide focusing on feedback; (5) developing effective groups using a personal report of communication apprehension, a discussant rating form, self-evaluation of participation, a post-discussion opinionnaire, a discussion of behaviors with normative value, Bales Interaction Process Analysis, an analysis of roles, and a cohesiveness scale; (6) creating several groups to explore various forms of leadership, providing a leadership behavior opinionnaire for the self-assessment of leadership ability, and discussing leadership's function; and (7) evaluating group usefulness. A note to instructors focuses on cooperative learning. Sample opinionnaire forms are included throughout the text. (JD)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Communication Research, Group Discussion, Group Dynamics, Higher Education, Secondary Education, Small Group Instruction, Speech Communication, Teaching Methods
Speech Communication Association, 5105 Backlick Rd., Building E, Annandale, VA 22003 ($6.00 prepaid).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Publications; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.; Speech Communication Association, Annandale, VA.
Note: TRIP: Theory & Research into Practice Series.