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ERIC Number: ED277982
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Pronunciation of Words Containing Adjacent Vowels.
Greif, Ivo P.
To determine the usefulness of the commonly taught phonics rule, "only pronounce the first vowel in words that contain adjacent vowels" (the VV rule, with the first "v" pronounced with the long vowel sound), two new studies applied it to words with adjacent vowels in several lists and dictionaries. The first study analyzed words containing adjacent vowels from the "New Grolier Webster International Dictionary of the English Language." As a result of this analysis, a word list was compiled, and notations were made concerning each word's conformity (or nonconformity) with the pronunciation rule. Results indicated that several word elements had "regular" pronunciations, even though these pronunciations did not conform to the VV rule. Findings also showed that people tend to disregard syllables when pronouncing words and that, in a surprisingly large number of words, the dictionary indicated equally acceptable one- and two-syllable pronunciations for the same element. Only 14.7% of the words analyzed could be correctly pronounced using the VV rule. Using the supplement to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the second study revealed that only 6.9% of the words with adjacent vowels could be correctly pronounced using the VV rule. Findings showed that the VV rule becomes less useful as the vocabulary of a language develops. Overall conclusions from the two studies indicated that teaching the VV rule is not useful in the early grades and becomes even less useful as the reader's skill increases. A review of previous research in the field is included. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A