ERIC Number: ED277970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb-28
Reference Count: 0
Ethnographic Perspective: From Beginning to Final Product.
Lundsteen, Sara W.
Ethnographic research (1) observes human behavior in its natural setting over a substantial period of time, (2) claims that classes of events are better understood through intensive examination of carefully selected particular cases, (3) incorporates as many of the complexities and variables into a setting as possible, and (4) is usually comprised of six main steps. First, the appropriate project is selected. Second, access to the appropriate location is obtained and rapport with proper individuals is established. Third, research questions evolve as the subjects are observed. Fourth, data is collected through reactive and nonreactive methods. The former method involves participant observation, interviews, and surveys. Nonreactive data collection, which ensures validation and reliability, involves the physical documentation of events. As the study develops, the observer's role undergoes the following transition: nonparticipant observer, transient observer, participant observer, and observing participant. Fifth, data analysis proceeds inductively, and occurs both during and after an investigation. Sixth, the research report is generally descriptive, letting generic patterns emerge from a sum of particular pieces of data. (The paper specifically considers the relation and advantages of an ethnographic approach to gifted education. It includes a consideration of possible research questions and supplementary figures detailing data measurement.) (JD)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Creative Thinking, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Anthropology, Educational Research, Ethnography, Field Studies, Naturalistic Observation, Participant Observation, Primary Education, Problem Solving, Qualitative Research, Research Design, Research Methodology, Research Reports, Research Tools
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Midwinter Institute of the National Association for Gifted Children (Dallas, TX, February 28-March 1, 1986).