ERIC Number: ED277965
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Research Findings Related to Effectiveness of Therapy with Ethnically Different Therapist-Client Pairs.
With the addition of the Board of Ethnic Minority Affairs to the American Psychological Association and the observation that greater numbers of ethnic minorities are seeking psychological treatment, a growing area of research has been related to ethnic issues in psychotherapy. Many empirical studies have been conducted comparing psychotherapy effectiveness for ethnically heterogeneous versus homogeneous therapist-client pairs. Three major types of studies have been done in which therapist-client ethnic similarity served as the independent variable: (1) studies examining ethnic preference for therapist; (2) research on therapy process variables; and (3) therapy outcome studies. In general, the research suggests that clients tend to indicate preference for an ethnically similar therapist prior to the onset of therapy. Once the process of therapy has been initiated, however, there is less of an effect observed favoring therapist-client ethnic similarity. The findings of therapy outcome studies suggest that therapy is as effective under conditions of ethnic dissimilarity as under conditions of ethnic similarity. Cross-cultural therapy training designed to prepare therapists to work effectively with minority clients may help decrease the problems that exist in cross-cultural psychotherapy. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Doctor of Psychology degree, Biola University.