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ERIC Number: ED277935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Dec
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
School Counseling Psychology: Framework for Role Change Regarding Special Education.
Sigmon, Scott B.
School counseling psychology can be viewed as residing at a midway point on the helping continuum between school guidance and psychotherapy. The training of school personnel for doing counseling varies greatly. School psychologists are often expected to provide counseling. Counseling is done to help alleviate the child's distress, often manifested in disobedience, poor achievement, and breaking school rules. School counseling personnel must be aware of cultural and ethnic considerations to be successful in cross-cultural counseling situations. A five level framework for determining psychological adjustment and for deciding when to counsel is useful. Level one represents a normal child never in need of counseling. Level two suggests a mild, occasional problem. Level three situations involve children with mild to moderate adjustment reactions and are the ideal candidates for counseling. Level four represents a moderate to severe deep-seated adjustment problem of some duration and is usually outside the expertise of the school psychologist. Level five refers to crisis situations such as suicide threats. While level five situations are also beyond the expertise of the school psychologist, he/she may be required to provide psychological first aid and referral services. Level five is always the psychologist's top priority. Knowledge of this framework should help novice counselors better conceptualize degrees of psychopathology that may be encountered in schools. (NB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A