ERIC Number: ED277917
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Group Therapy Processing as a Function of Depression.
Slife, Brent D.; And Others
Group therapy is most effective when members step back and process the interaction among group members. This understanding of the group process is often referred to as self-monitoring or metacognition because it refers to a different level of thinking. All groups of people may not have equal metacognitive ability. This study examined the metacognitive ability of depressed persons. Subjects included nine individuals with a diagnosis of major depression in the experimental group and nine non-depressed individuals in the control group. Each subject watched a videotaped simulation of group therapy and commented on it. Each videotape consisted of four practice vignettes, an introduction to each of the group members, and 10 vignettes of interactions similar to those that occur in actual group therapy. One-half of the vignettes involved the subject as if he or she were a group member and the other half did not. A subject's memory of the vignettes was also tested. Results indicated that depressives were less capable than non-depressives of processing group interactions, despite comparable memory for content of the interactions. These results suggest that some subjects were unable to reflect on the interaction and that metacognitive and cognitive abilities are separate sets of skills. These results call into question the effectiveness of group therapy with depressives. (References are included.) (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (32nd, Fort Worth, TX, April 17-19, 1986).