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ERIC Number: ED277738
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Oct
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Guba as a Vanguard of Naturalistic Inquiry: A Harbinger of the Future?
Yoong, Suan
Egon G. Guba and Yvonna S. Lincoln were among the first to develop a set of extensive criteria for establishing naturalistic inquiry as a disciplined research methodology. The naturalistic paradigm--also called post-positivist, ethnographic, phenomenological, and qualitative--has gained acceptance as a legitimate alternative to the previously dominant positivist paradigm--also called empirical, analytical, scientific, rationalist, experimental, and quantitative. Guba's involvement in program evaluation and interest in an evaluation's stakeholders is related to his work in naturalistic inquiry. Naturalistic inquiry supports multiple concurrently existing realities, researcher involvement, and consideration of contextual factors. Guba developed four criteria for judging the rigor of naturalistic research: credibility; transferability; dependability or reliability; and confirmability or objectivity. Lincoln and Guba subsequently developed the criteria of authenticity: (1) fairness; (2) ontological authentication or improved experience; (3) educative authentication, or increased understanding; (4) catalytic authentication--the facilitation and simulation of action; and (5) tactical authentication, the ability to act toward change. There is evidence that there is a shift toward use of the naturalistic paradigm in the future. A 35-item reference list concludes the document. (GDC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A