ERIC Number: ED277722
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr-3
Reference Count: 0
How Did Methusilah Get into This? Tribulations of a Developer.
Borg, Walter R.
Two approaches to testing student achievement are discussed: (1) traditional standardized tests; and (2) testing achievement on an instructional unit. Content validity is a major problem with standardized achievement tests. Even though test publishers typically consider a number of curriculum guides and textbooks in producing a test which is reasonably well suited to most schools' curricula, the curricular content in schools and classrooms is not consistent. For example, research has indicated wide variations in the amount of classroom time devoted to elementary school mathematics. The advantages of standardized tests are familiarity, simplicity, and economy. The proposed alternative involves the teaching of a unit of instruction, followed by an achievement test which measures only those concepts contained in the unit of study. A field test was conducted with intermediate school teachers and a week-long social studies unit on persons who had lived to be over 100. Although this approach required the development of the unit and the test, as well as the teachers' cooperation, it had high content validity. Observation indicated that 39 of 40 teachers followed the content of the instructional unit. (GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Associations (66th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).