ERIC Number: ED277664
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jun-25
Reference Count: 0
On Narrative Method, Biography and Narrative Unities in the Study of Teaching.
Connelly, F. Michael; Clandinin, D. Jean
This paper outlines a narrative method for the study of teaching which has as its principle feature the reconstruction of classroom meaning in terms of narrative unities in the lives of classroom participants. This purpose is achieved by comparatively outlining similarities and differences with closely associated lines of work. This study of narrative is primarily epistemological in character but deviates from epistemology as commonly understood in curriculum studies by focussing on personal experience rather than upon reconstructed formal logic. The governing question of the work is "How do teachers and students know their classrooms?" The working question is "What is the meaning of specific classroom actions for teachers and students?" Characteristics of the narrative method of inquiry are set forth by comparison and contrast with biography. Comparisons are restricted to five sets of recent educational writings : works by Pinar, Grumet, Darroch and Slivers, Berk, and Butt. The study begins with matters of similarity between biography and narrative and moves to matters of difference. Analysis indicates that reflection-in-action, biography, and narrative each contribute something to the understanding of classrooms. The case is made for narrative inquiry by sorting out its methods and purposes from those of biography. It is suggested that the narrative method offers a way to understand teaching and learning in classrooms as a temporal process reflecting the biographic histories of its participants. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alberta Advisory Committee for Educational Studies, Edmonton.; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Calgary Univ. (Alberta).; Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.