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ERIC Number: ED276431
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Oct
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Metacognition and Higher Order Thinking: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Critical Thinking in the Humanities.
De Costa, Elena M.
Higher order thinking is active and sustained cognitive effort directed at solving a complex problem and requires a student to integrate different sources of information, consider alternative perspectives, make critical judgments, and develop and test hypotheses. The important questions in higher order thinking are the ways learners incorporate new conceptions into current cognitive structures and the way they replace conceptions that have become disfunctional with new ones. Cognitive skills play an important role in this process, but the direction of the mind in exactly how to deal with a problem and how to arrive at a viable solution (metacognition) are crucial to creative interactive thought. This paper examines critical thinking as well as curriculum development and teaching strategies. The centrality of the arts of Socratic questioning, accurately reconstructing opposing points of view (reciprocity), and engaging in constructive intellectual exchanges (dialectical reasoning) in an interdisciplinary setting are discussed. Illustrations are taken from L. S. Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development with special emphasis on foreign language curriculum. (DJR)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A