ERIC Number: ED276388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jul-21
Reference Count: 0
Public Higher Education and Black Americans: Today's Crisis, Tomorrow's Disaster?
Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.
Declines in high school and college attendance and completion for blacks, factors that contribute to this decline, and strategies for improvement are addressed by the Chancellor of the State University of New York. Black youth attend college disproportionate to their representation in the population, in large part because of the high school dropout rate. Blacks attending college are much less likely to complete a baccalaureate program than whites, and too few black graduate and professional students enter promising fields. Black women outnumber black men on college campuses by a substantial margin. Important variables in educational attainment are the self-image and aspiration of black youth and the pervasive stereotype that blacks are academically deficient. A broad-based effort to foster stronger, more competitive, achievement-oriented self-images is advocated. The role of the family and values such as discipline, hard work, and ambition are emphasized, as well as an important role that can be played by the black community. It is argued that strategies are needed to augment, rather than replace, affirmative action and judicial activism on behalf of blacks. Black youth need to be persuaded that they can compete on equal terms not only in athletics and a few other fields, but in all endeavors, including the intellectual. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Academic Persistence, Achievement Need, Black Achievement, Black Education, Black Leadership, Black Stereotypes, Black Students, College Attendance, Competition, Educational Attainment, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Public Colleges, Self Esteem, State Colleges, Student Educational Objectives, Success
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany.
Note: Plenary address at a National Urban League Conference (San Francisco, CA, July 21, 1986).