ERIC Number: ED276340
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Introductory Psychology Grades and Volunteers for Extra Credit.
Bender, Timothy A.
The motivation of students to volunteer to participate in research studies was explored in two studies. The first study explored the motivation of 300 introductory psychology students at a large midwestern university to volunteer for research participation when one exam point was offered for each hour of participation. Study two, which was conducted at a different university, also offered extra credit for participating and elicited students' reasons for volunteering and information on their grade point average and expected grade in introductory psychology. Students who participated did not appear to differ in demographic variables from nonparticipants, but there were differences in grades attained by participants and nonparticipants. Volunteers in the extra credit incentive system appeared to be mostly the top students and students who are motivated by grades that are perceived as being low. More students who did not need the credit to attain a high grade participated in research anyway. Since students with high motivation to achieve may participate in research more than students with low achievement motivation, the generalizability of research findings may be limited. It is noted that extra credit for research participation may also be a source of grade inflation. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).