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ERIC Number: ED276323
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Expecting the Discourse Topic in Native and Foreign Language Text Comprehension.
Tommola, Jorma
The effects of topical coherence on the comprehension of two groups of non-native (Finnish) users of English and a control group of English native speakers were observed, with reaction times from a visual word monitoring task as the dependent measure. The experiment examined the ability of intermediate and advanced second language students to comprehend sentences at a critical point: when they have recognized the thematically critical word, are processing the next word, the target verb, and are continuing to monitor other words in the text. It was found that for advanced students whose processing capacity is not burdened by microprocesses, the effects of the sentence's topical structure in facilitating or inhibiting comprehension are clear. For less advanced students whose comprehension of the topic in the preceding context is probably less efficient, topical discontinuity in the preceding context does not have as consistent an effect. A three-page reference list is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Psycholinguistics and Foreign Language Learning. Papers from a conference (Stockholm, Sweden and Abo, Finland, October 25-26, 1982); see FL 016 291.