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ERIC Number: ED276005
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
News Story Quotes: Verbatim?
Davenport, Lucinda
A study determined what beginning journalists and news reporting students have learned is acceptable to quote, verbatim, in a news story, and where they learned about these guidelines. Results of a questionnaire given to journalism students indicated that most would change direct quotes by adjusting blasphemies, correcting faulty grammar, cleaning up foul language, straightening colloquialisms, and arranging sentences and phrases. A large majority indicated they would not fabricate direct quotes. Students did have formal instruction on how to punctuate quotes, but the majority did not have formal instruction on the content of quotes. Most of the journalism textbooks examined did not give specific instruction on ways to quote a source. Policy statements from 15 newspapers and television stations were also examined; only 2 mentioned anything about quotes. The study concluded that journalists have not had instruction about standard quoting procedures from formal journalism courses, textbooks, or news policies. Journalism courses should teach the values of quoting an individual correctly, textbooks should give a realistic interview and present various examples of well-written quotes and explain why the quotes were chosen and how they were written, and newsrooms should discuss quotation content and share acceptable guidelines. (Tables of data are included within the text.) (SRT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (69th, Norman, OK, August 3-6, 1986).