ERIC Number: ED275968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Contribution of Work and Family Roles to Mental Health: An Evaluation of Additive and Interactive Models.
Repetti, Rena L.
Rather than ask whether multiple roles, such as employee, wife, and mother, have a protective or harmful effect on women's psychological well being, this study examined the combination of stressors and supports associated with work and family roles. Female clerical workers (N=44) who were married and/or had a child living at home completed questionnaires rating two dimensions of their work and family roles: (1) quality of interpersonal relations and role satisfaction; and (2) levels of depression and anxiety. Associations satisfaction - and levels of depression and anxiety. Associations between mental health and role conditions were evaluated for work and family roles separately. Two models of how experiences in the two roles are jointly linked to mental health were tested. According to an additive model, work and family roles act independently, whereas an interactive model suggests that conditions in one role modify the effect of the other role. As predicted, greater psychological distress was found among women who described their social interaction at home and at work as conflictual and nonsupportive, and who reported being dissatisfied with their work and family roles. An additive model seemed to best describe how the two roles conjointly related to well being: stress in one role appeared to have a constant impact on mental health, regardless of interpersonal relations or satisfaction in the other role. There was no evidence for the interactive model; conditions in one role did not modify the psychological effects of the other role. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Council on Family Relations (Dearborn, MI, November 3-7, 1986).