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ERIC Number: ED275668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Education in American Society: Aims for Schools.
Mayhew, Harry C.; Griesinger, Lawrence
In considering the aims or purposes of education in America today, this reflective discussion first reviews the aims of education since the founding of the United States, as well as those antecedent aims in the history of the Western education experience. An overview of changing trends in educational objectives illuminates the gradual development of societal attitudes on the meaning of citizenship and the definition of an educated person. The general thrust of educational aims has been a sense that, in addition to students' capacity to read and compute, educational programs should also link knowledge and skills with an understanding of, and commitment to, democratic principles and their application. Such programs begin in preschool and continue throughout formal education. They foster individual and cultural identity and include observation of, and participation in, the school and community as part of the curriculum. Ideally, they also deal with critical issues and the world as it really is and prepare students to make intelligent decisions. Such programs depend on teachers broadly prepared in history and the humanities and involve community members as resources for program development and student involvement. Exemplary school programs should present knowledge about the historical derivation and contemporary application of democractic beliefs which are essential to the understanding of American society and its institutions. (JD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A