ERIC Number: ED275155
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
The Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching: An Observation Scheme.
Allen, Patrick; And Others
A classroom observation technique that describes classroom events at the level of activity and analyzes the communicative features of verbal exchanges between students and teachers within each activity is described. Activity characteristics indentified include type, participant organization, content, student modality or skills used, and materials; the communicative features observed include the use of the target language, information gap, sustained speech, reaction to code or message, incorporation of preceding utterances, discourse initiation, and relative restriction of linguistic form. Coding procedures have been developed for both the activity analysis and the exchange analysis. Preliminary data analysis from initial use of the coding technique reveals significant differences in communicative orientation between French and English second language classes at two grade levels. Additional data for different class types (core, extended, immersion, and second language French classes) are under analysis. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Class Activities, Classroom Communication, Classroom Observation Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Comparative Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French, Instructional Program Divisions, Second Language Instruction
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada