ERIC Number: ED275119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May-27
Reference Count: 0
Understanding Parents' Attitude about Normalization.
A study examined parents' attitudes about normalization and their decision about out-of-home placement for their children with mental retardation. The sample consisted of 9 parents who had requested institutional placement, 28 parents who had requested group home placement, and 23 parents who had not requested out-of-home placement. A questionnaire obtained demographic data as well as attitudes about normalization through a 20-item, 5-point Likert scale which measured the degree to which each respondent agreed with principles and practices of normalization in the context of his or her own child. Data did not document a relationship between type of residential placement preferred and attitude about normalization. In general, mothers answered the questionnaires. Parents generally agreed on 11 items which were more philosophical in nature (e.g., mentally retarded children should have opportunities to pursue desires, need warmth and affection as much as anyone else, have the same basic rights and needs as anyone else, and should dress like other nonhandicapped children their age). Parents typically disagreed on 6 items, especially those involving mainstreaming their mentally retarded child in the public school. Nine questionnaire items elicited relatively neutral responses. In general, results indicated that parents agreed with the conceptual/philosophical aspects of normalization but not with the means by which this principle is implemented. It is concluded that if professionals expect parents to engage their mentally retarded children in normalization activities, they need to support parents in carrying out this responsibility by involving them in the planning and programming of services. References and the study instrument are appended. (CB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association on Mental Deficiency (110th, Denver, CO, May 25-29, 1986).