ERIC Number: ED274940
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun-22
Reference Count: 0
Gender and Leadership in Organizations: Critical Review.
Smith, H. Wayne; And Others
The literature on gender and leadership constitutes a discordant, often contradictory, and typically atheoretical collection of findings. This situation exists despite the emerging psychology of women, heightened public awareness, and increasing numbers of women in positions of authority. Terborg and Ilgen (1975) took the first step toward producing a theoretical integration which may unify research in the area. They examined stereotypes, attribution theory, and equity theory. A review of the literature on gender and leadership and extension of the theoretical analysis of Terborg and Ilgen resulted in the creation of a descriptive model in which behavior is driven by stereotypes. Women are perceived to lack the attributes required of successful managers. They are given unchallenging assignments lessening their organizational ability. When in supervisory roles women are expected to be high in consideration behavior and low in aggressiveness. Even when their behavior does not evidence this trait, they may be perceived by their co-workers to have this trait. These perceptions cause women to be passed over for promotion and relegated to relatively minor tasks. This low level of responsibility is manifested in lower salaries for females than for males. This vicious cycle continues without the act of overt sexual discrimination. A five-page reference list concludes the document. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper based on senior author's Ph.D. dissertation, Texas Tech University.